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Anthony Scaramucci was removed from his role as White House Communications Director on Monday, less than two weeks after President Donald Trump hired him. The move also comes three days after Reince Priebus, Trump’s first White House chief of staff, resigned on Fridayafter little more than six months on the job. Trump’s …

The pathogen has developed ways to evade the immune system.  Additionally, an over aggressive immune system can cause damage itself.  Pathogens usually replicate in the host, spread to new hosts, and avoid stimulating  strong immune responses.  Some pathogens, such as HIV, evade the classical immune response.  Additionally, there are hundreds …

Hydrocephalus is when excess cerebrospinal fluid accumulates in the skull.  The excess liquid compresses the brain and it’s blood vessels.  In the new born, where the size of the cranian is not set yet, the head size enlargens.  This condition may become fatal in both adults and infants.  It may …

The environment that normal mucosa of the gastrointestinal tract has is different from the environment of the normal lymph nodes.  The normal uninfected lymph node doesn’t have antigen.  However, the gut is loaded with bacteria.  Whatever anatomy that is exposed to the outside environment such as the gastrointestinary tract and …

Bacteria are among the oldest living organisms. Bacteria can be found everywhere.  Some bacteria are inoxious; but others can invade humans’ bodies and harm them. Antibodies protect people against infections.  Antibiotics destroy most bacteria; and the immune system is able to handle the surviving bacteria.  Some  antibiotics work to interfere …

Solvents in pesticides, combustion smoke, viruses,  ultraviolet radiation, and ionizing radiation can all damage the DNA of the cell.  When DNA is affected by radiation, the greatest amount of damage is done to cell functions.  The effect of ionizing radiation on a cell may be direct, or indirect (as when …

Authored or posted by Pao Chang | While the term psycho-acoustic medicine may be relatively new in our world, the practices of using sound and frequencies to impact the physical and emotional health of the body has been used since the beginning of time. From Gregorian chants in churches, to the chanting …

Cancer is caused by uncontrolled cell growth.  A predisposition to cancer may be inherited from one’s relatives.  A predisposition to some cancers, such as skin cancers, can be brought about by excessive exposure to ultraviolet light.  Cells may be in interphase (in which the cells are replicating their DNA, growing, …

Simulations are done with cancer patients undergoing radiation treatments to determine how the patient will feel and react when they are placed in position for their actual radiation treatments.  Although the doctor prescribes what position the patients should ultimately be in during the radiation treatments; the radiation  therapists are also …

TH-1 cells are mostly involved in cellular immunity; as TH-2 cells are mainly involved in humoral immunity.  If a patient suffers from certain kinds of leprosy, the cytokine that you would administer to the patient would be gamma-interferon.  A naive T-cell becomes a TH-1 cell and it make gamma-interferon.  The …