Author Archive

Donald Mandel

Donald Mandel

In the 1980’s, William Coley, a surgeon at New York Memorial ( now known as Sloan Kettering Memorial Cancer Center) observed that some patients infected during surgery could reject their tumors.  He noted that killed Strep. pyogenes and Serratia Marcescens (which he named Coley’s Toxin) could lead to similar rejection …

Ever since the Apollo project at NASA had been completed, scientists and engineers have been seeking support for a Mars program which would first provide manned space travel to Mars from Earth; and subsequently even provide living quarters on the planet Mars.  It has been projected that these living quarters …

Transcatheter  valves are actually in the majority of recent valve replacement procedures today.  This can be achieved without open heart surgery.  Coronary intervention involves opening the coronary arteries on the the surface of the heart, which has been done for years.  Two-thirds of the arteries open after receiving various pharmaceuticals, …

When harnessing energy from the sun, photovoltaic cells convert sunlight into electricity.  The excess electricity can go back to your grid or be directed back to your energy company. The direct current from the sun  is converted into alternating current for use in the home by the photovoltaic cells.  Solar …

As you are probably aware, antisense oligonucleotides are synthetic single-stranded chains  of nucleic acids that bind to RNA (ribonucleic  acid) ; and in doing so alter the  or reduce the expression of the target RNA.  They reduce expression of mutant proteins and restore expression of wild type proteins. Anti-sense oligonucleotides …

It has been predicted that biofuels will become the next  essential fuel source to power the planet.  The population of earth is growing; and  the  fossil fuel supplies are becoming depleted.  Some sort of biology-based fuels will be needed to become the new energy leader of the fuel market.  Ethanol …